Acne is an inflammatory skin problem that results in pimples, spots on the face, back, neck, chest, shoulders, and under-arms. The sebaceous glands secrete an oily substance termed sebum to retain the skin lubricated. Due to the excess pumping out of sebum, this fatty material blocks the skin follicle opening called pores. This leads to inflammation causing acne issues in the skin and the ordinary skincare that you do sometimes feel like is not enough.
What are the causes of acne?
The major cause of acne issues is hormone variations. Acne issues are highly seen in teenagers since the body starts secreting hormones that are directly proportional to high secretion from sebaceous glands. Studies are showing the impact of genetics on high acne issues. Stress is also one of the reasons for acne outbreaks in adults.
Types of Acne:
If your skin is acne-prone, below are few types of issues encountered:
Whiteheads: Blocked skin follicles that are enclosed by a thin layer of skin that look like white spots or bumps.
Blackheads: They are clogged follicles but are uninfected and look as dark bumps on the skin surface.
Pustules: They are swollen lesions filled with pus and look yellow or white.
Papules: They are swollen lesions that look reddish and cause pain with irritation.
Nodules: They are plain acnes that are formed under the skin without any pus formation.
Cysts: They are the most extreme form of acne that is swollen and filled with pus.
Skincare routine for acne:
Acne cannot be just treated by applying any over-the-counter creams. Sometimes, even ordinary skincare is not enough. It requires careful cleaning of the skin with some guidelines along with some lifestyle alterations.
Wash the skin:
Ensure to wash the skin at least two times a day while you get up and before going to bed. If you are sweating too much, then you can do it while required. But washing it without any reason multiple times can irritate the skin.
Perform this washing gently and don’t scrub it or use and harsh chemicals. They won’t provide any solution but cause aggravation and irritation to the skin.
If you work out regularly, remove the sweaty clothes, and take a bath soon after the session. Allowing sweat to remain on the skin for a long time can promote acne issues.
Do not pick or pop the acne:
It is a general feeling to prick the pimple, which may lead to long-term scars on the face. This could also cause in spread of infection to other healthy pores and cause the pimple to worsen. There is a proper method to perform this operation called extraction. It is performed by experienced therapists and experts in hygienic environments. It’s advised not to accomplish this with deeper acne issues like pustules.
Wash the materials that regularly come in contact with the skin:
Things like makeup brushes, bedding, phones will accumulate dirt and cause blockage in the pores. Hence, ensure to clean these materials regularly to ensure hygiene. Change the bedsheets and pillow covers at least once a week. Clean the makeup brushes regularly and wipe the phones every day to clear the debris from the surface.
Use non-comedogenic products:
This means an oil-free product that is labeled on many skincare products. Your old skincare products might have ingredients that irritate your skin, and so ordinary skincare will not work for you. Products will have the label “oil-free, non-comedogenic.” On them. Also, make sure to check the ingredient list for ensuring authenticity. Do not use products that contain substances such as alcohol or too many aromas.
Check your hair care routine and products:
Haircare products like conditioners, shampoos, or modern gels can lead to acne issues, especially in the forehead and neck areas. Refrain from using products with oil in the ingredients. If you are suspicious about these products, then change them immediately to verify the results. Even excess fat in the skin can lead to acne issues. Treat them if possible, and avoid hair from your face area, especially when you sleep.
Take care of the diet:
- Many skin therapists suggest a specific diet in your acne treatments. Following a diet with too much sugar can worsen acne issues. Refrain from consuming refined carbs and fast foods that get broken easily to enhance blood sugar levels. This sudden increase in sugar levels promotes the skin to secrete excess oil and block the pores leading to acne issues.
- Diet must have healthy fats like Omega3 rich flax seeds, walnut, and fish, green vegetables, fruits, almonds, and yogurt. Refrain from consuming dairy products or chocolates as they spike the insulin levels and hormones that will stimulate acne issues.
- Drink loads of water to keep the skin hydrated. It will assist the skin to eliminate any excess oil from clogging the pores. There are no definitive studies to confirm this measure, but the drinking of sufficient water has shown results in improving the skin condition.
- You may find many dietary supplements that claim to eliminate acne issues. But it is essential to consult an expert nutritionist and skin care specialist before you start consuming them. Studies have also shown that, except you have a severe deficiency, these supplements don’t show any drastic results. Even excluding any food material from your diet can lead to nutrient deficiency. There should be a thorough analysis of your skin type and blood research at a trusted medical center before you follow any strict diet routine.
A skincare routine that is not ideally suited for your skin can worsen the issues. You will see countless skincare products at the drug stores. But you have to be extra careful while dealing with these skin products, especially if your skin is acne-prone. Ordinary skin care can help at times, but it is advised to use any specific products or follow the skincare routine only after the advice from an experienced skin doctor.
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